Common symptoms of lower back pain:
- Pain that radiates down into the shoulders
- Tingling, numbness, or weakness
- Trouble with lifting objects
- Problems with walking and balance
- Stiff neck
- Sharp pain in at least one spot
- Soreness or tenderness
Common causes of low back pain:
Lower back pain can have causes that aren’t due to underlying disease. Examples include overuse such as working out or lifting too much, prolonged sitting and laying down, sleeping in an uncomfortable position, wearing a poorly fitting backpack. There are many causes of chronic lower back pain. They may include:
- Sacroiliac joint disease
- Spinal stenosis (narrowing of the spinal canal)
- Degenerative disc disease
- Disc protrusion
- Herniated disc
- Disc extrusion
- Facet joint osteoarthritis
- Nerve root irritation or compression
- Central sensitization
- Biomechanical factors
- Poor posture
- Psychological and emotional factors
- Vertebral body fractures
- Ankylosing spondylitis
- It may help to use topical pain relievers or take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce pain, swelling, and inflammation.
- Stay physically active and follow a fitness program focusing on moderate exercise.
- Stretch before exercising to maintain a good range of motion in your joints.
- Keep your body weight within a healthy range. This will lessen stress on the joints.
- If your pain isn’t due to arthritis, you can try taking a nonprescription, anti-inflammatory drug, getting a massage, taking a warm bath, stretching frequently, and getting adequate rest.