Neuropathy occurs when the nervous system is unable to function properly due to nerve damage. This nerve damage interrupts the messages carried by the nerves to and from the brain. This interruption can make it difficult for the brain to communicate with parts of the body. Neuropathy may cause pain or affect sensation and muscle movement in the extremities and other areas of the body.
The type of neuropathy can often be determined through testing, the type of symptoms and the symptoms location within the body. Some symptoms manifest in the extremities; however, sometimes neuropathy can result in loss of bowel or bladder control, low blood pressure, diarrhea and constipation depending upon the type and location of the affected nerves. Some types of neuropathy can also cause a burning sensation in the hands and feet or can make it difficult for a person to sense temperature or pain which can lead to the injury of affected limbs.