Joint injections are injections of different medications used to temporarily treat joint pain.
Injury to the joints can cause pain in the legs, lower back, groin, buttocks, knees, shoulders and hips. Pain may occur from injury, simple wear and tear or an inflammatory disease, such as rheumatoid arthritis.
A joint is where the ends of two bones meet. They allow movement from side to side, up and down, and in rotation. A special lining covering the ends of bones, called cartilage stops the bones from rubbing together and allows easy, smooth movement. If cartilage becomes worn down, the bones rub together during movement, causing pain.
By injecting a local anesthetic and steroid into the injured joint, it can reduce joint pain and inflammation.
- Corticosteroid injections: Corticosteroid injections use a combination of steroid medication and an anesthetic to reduce inflammation in order to alleviate pain.
- Hyaluronic acid injections: Hyaluronic acid is similar to the naturally occurring substance in the body that lubricates the joints. By injecting additional hyaluronic acid into the knee, doctors aim to create more lubrication in the joint, helping it to function properly.
- Platelet-rich plasma injections: Platelet-rich-plasma injections, also called injections, use the patient’s own blood to stimulate and encourage the body’s natural healing process of the cartilage and tissues within the joints.
Joint injections are used to treat pain in the hip, knee, and shoulder related to:
- Stress from poor mechanics
- Degenerative arthritis
A joint injection procedure at Apex Pain Specialists in Chandler, AZ can take between 30 minutes to one hour to complete, including recovery and observation time. Before the procedure, the patient may be given medication via an IV to help him/her relax.
During a joint injection, you will lie on your stomach on an X-ray table. The skin over the targeted joint is cleaned with antiseptic solution and then injected with local anesthetic to numb the area. Using X-ray guidance, the doctor will insert a needle into the targeted joint and inject a combination of anesthetic and steroids.
The procedure takes approximately 10 to 20 minutes.
You may experience some soreness around the targeted area for a few days after the joint injection at Apex. You can treat the discomfort with ice and over-the-counter pain medications.
Pain injections for the joints offer pain relief without the need for surgery. Some injections, like placental injections and platelet-rich plasma injections, provide additional benefits because they are free of steroids and contain naturally occurring substances (such as blood platelets and stem cells) to help reduce inflammation.